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South Indian Tibetans: Development Dynamics in the Early Stages of the Tibetan Refugee Settlement Lugs zung bsam grub gling, Bylakuppe

Publishing year: 2009
Language: English
Publication/Series: Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies
Issue: 5
Document type: Article


This article reports on an ongoing sociological study of the first Tibetan refugee settlement established in India, Lukzung SamdruplingLugs zung bsam grub gling located in Bylakuppe near Mysore. Data from camp registers and the old files of the settlement office have been digitalized and subjected to an exploratory analysis that focuses on two interconnected issues: resource competition between the Tibetan refugees and the local Indian community, and high population growth during the first decade of the settlement’s existence. The demographic analysis demonstrates that women in the settlement experienced a high fertility rate from 1962 to 1976. Population growth was further intensified by in-migration resulting from the creation of more camps, and from the in-migration of unregistered Tibetans including deserters from the army. The article discusses how these and other factors created friction between the camp’s administrators and Indian government officials, conflicts between camp residents and the surrounding Indian communities, and may have countered some of the positive effects on local development resulting from the creation of the settlements.



  • Social Work
  • Bylakuppe
  • South Asian studies
  • population sttudies
  • demography
  • Tibetan refugees
  • Tibetan studies
  • Refugee settlements
  • Tibetans in exile
  • Karnataka
  • host society