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Theses, dissertations and research publications (including journal articles, conference abstracts and books) from Lund University are collected in this database. Where possible, the option to download a full text document is available. It is also possible to search for Lund University student theses in the student theses database.
|Title||An adaptive algorithm for fixation, saccade, and glissade detection in eyetracking data.|
|Author/s||Marcus Nyström, Kenneth Holmqvist|
|Full-text||Full text is not available in this archive|
|Alternative location (URL)||http://www.humlab.lu.se/www-tr...|
|Alternative location (URL)||http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BRM.... Restricted Access (Alternative Location)|
|Publication/Series||Behavior Research Methods|
|Pages||188 - 204|
|Document type||Journal article|
|Publisher||The Psychonomic Society|
|Abstract English||Event detection is used to classify recorded gaze points into periods of fixation, saccade, smooth pursuit, blink, and noise. Although there is an overall consensus that current algorithms for event detection have serious flaws and that a de facto standard for event detection does not exist, surprisingly little work has been done to remedy this problem. We suggest a new velocity-based algorithm that takes several of the previously known limitations into account. Most important, the new algorithm identifies so-called glissades, a wobbling movement at the end of many saccades, as a separate class of eye movements. Part of the solution involves designing an adaptive velocity threshold that makes the event detection less sensitive to variations in noise level and the algorithm settings-free for the user. We demonstrate the performance of the new algorithm on eye movements recorded during reading and scene perception and compare it with two of the most commonly used algorithms today. Results show that, unlike the currently used algorithms, fixations, saccades, and glissades are robustly identified by the new algorithm. Using this algorithm, we found that glissades occur in about half of the saccades, during both reading and scene perception, and that they have an average duration close to 24 msec. Due to the high prevalence and long durations of glissades, we argue that researchers must actively choose whether to assign the glissades to saccades or fixations; the choice affects dependent variables such as fixation and saccade duration significantly. Current algorithms do not offer this choice, and their assignments of each glissade are largely arbitrary.|
|Research group||Crypto and Security|
+46 (0)46 222 0326
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