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Theses, dissertations and research publications (including journal articles, conference abstracts and books) from Lund University are collected in this database. Where possible, the option to download a full text document is available. It is also possible to search for Lund University student theses in the student theses database.
|Title||Fæstninger, magasiner og symboler - Østersøens flertydige kirker|
|Full-text||Full text is not available in this archive|
|Publication/Series||Meta: Medeltidsarkeologisk tidskrift|
|Pages||26 - 58|
|Document type||Journal article|
|Publisher||Lund : Medeltidsarkeologiska föreningen|
|Abstract English||Fortresses, Storehouses and Symbols - ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea: Källa on Öland is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The whole point was, that a broad specter of functions such as hostelry, residence and store were made sacred by being integrated in the church building or church yard. Most of the multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea belong to the period c. 1170-1240 and might be connected to the Danish empire, the crusades and the Saint Canute Guilds. When peace broke down in the 1240s, some of the multi-functional churches were symbolically fortified as also several towns and many manors.|
History and Archaeology
|Keywords||crusades, Medieval churches|
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