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Science / Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC) /
ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observation System) is a recently-launched world class
research infrastructure. ICOS consists of a network of identically equipped
monitoring stations dedicated to long-term studies of ecosystems and their
interaction with climate, but also measurements of atmospheric greenhouse
gases. The role of the network is to co-ordinate and support, by means of a
number of central resources, including a Thematic Centre for ecosystems and
atmospheric studies, a central data centre and a laboratory for the analysis
ICOS is one of the high priority projects of ESFRI (European Strategy Forum on
Research Infrastructures). The European Union has therefore contributed
funding for planning and preparation from 2008-2012. Research institutes from
17 countries (Sweden, Belgium, The Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France,
Germany, Ireland, Israel, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Switzerland, Spain and the United Kingdom) are partners of ICOS.
The Swedish ICOS initiative is run by a working group consisting of
researchers from Lund University, Gothenburg University, the Swedish
Agricultural University (SLU), Abisko Scientific Field Station (under the ægis
of the Polar Research Secretariat), and Stockholm University, under the
leadership of Professor Anders Lindroth, Lund.
Observation programs of ‘the big picture’, that run over long periods of time
are absolutely essential if we are to understand the interaction between
greenhouse gas emissions, climate and the global carbon cycle – and ICOS will
offer researchers, decision makers and other interested parties detailed
information over the longer term. But the effects of fast, short-term
phenomena such as, for example, heat waves or other extreme weather events,
can also be captured. The idea is to process all data centrally, so that
results and interpretations can be made available quickly.
Ekologihuset, Sölvegatan 37
+4646-222 00 00 (oper)
Direct phone: 22+extension
Internal mail: hämtställe 16
Telephone: +4646-222 04 74
Visiting address: Sölvegatan 12
+4646-222 96 83
+4618-37 60 04
+4646-222 84 07
+4646-222 04 74
ICOS will be able to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of climate-related
initiatives, from attempts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and conversions
to more carbon-neutral energy systems to ventures into increased uptake in
farming and forestry as well as experiments in carbon dioxide sequestration.
The network of observation stations makes it possible to follow the impact on
global atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and also to localize
those regions that constitute sources and sinks of these gases.
In total, six so-called ecosystem field stations and three atmospheric
stations will be included in the Swedish network. The main aim of the Swedish
field stations is to cover typical Swedish conditions and biotopes, but we
also see ourselves as part of both a Nordic context and a European overview.
There is much that is ‘unique’ to Sweden – and it is in the high latitudes
that the most rapid (and largest) effects of climate change are expected.
Sweden’s land surface is dominated by forest and that is why half of the field
stations are situated in woodland : Svartbeget, Norunda and Hyltemossa. In
addition, Scandinavia also has large areas of wetland, which is why two field
stations will be located in this type of terrain : Stordalen and Degerö. One
of these, Stordalen, lies in the sensitive subarctic Abisko area. Finally, one
field station, Lanna, will be placed on agricultural land.
All field stations are equipped with instrumentation for the study of the
greenhouse gas exchange in the local ecosystems, while the three forest
stations will also be equipped with 150 meter-high masts that carry equipment
for atmospheric measurements.
Directory Administrator: Åsa-Katrin Erlandsson
Responsible for the directory of this page:
The information regarding the organization last updated: 2012-03-19