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Title Socio-economic Determinants of Fertility and Female Labor Force Participation in the Philippines
Alt. title Investigating Continuities and Discontinuities Using Survey Data Between 1993 and 2008
Author/s Gerolf Aurig
Department/s Department of Economic History
Full-text Available as PDF
Publishing year 2012
Abstract English Socio-economic variables substantially determine fertility behavior and
female labor force participation. Temporal fluctuations in socio-economic
determinants of fertility and female labor force participation seem inevitable
since they are subject to societal developments in the Philippines. Examining
socio-economic variables over time contributes to an enhanced understanding
of the current status and exerted influence by those variables, and thus
provides an opportunity to intervene in fertility development. In this study a
multivariate linear regression is used to analyze the socio-economic
determinants of completed fertility and a binary logistic regression in order to
investigate the effect of socio-economic variables on female labor force
participation. Both regression analyses are based on empirical data from the
Demographic and Health Surveys in 1993, 1998, 2003 and 2008 in the
Philippines. Secondary and higher educational attainment of females and
males is identified as main determinant for the fertility decline in the considered
period. Among Philippine women with at least four children, the chances of
labor participation diminished noticeably. Prospective research should have
the objective to provide an adequate variable for the financial background of
the analyzed individuals in order to allow for precise evaluations of its impact
on fertility behavior.
Subject Social Sciences
Keywords socio-economic determinants, Fertility, education, place of residence, contraception, female labor force participation, Philippines
Document type Master's Degree (One Year)
Language English
Supervisor Kirk Scott

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