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A Critical Study of Mubarak’s Last Speech: Examining the Manipulative Strategies


  • Shaymaa Esmail

Summary, in English

This paper is trying to examine whether or not manipulation exists in political speeches by investigating the last speech given by the Egyptian ex-president, Mubarak, during the revolution of January 25th, 2011. The study is conducted, mainly, by applying Critical Discourse Analysis theory to the text under examination with the aim of pointing out manipulative features. By adopting Critical Discourse Analysis as an overall theory, the study revealed that many classical manipulative strategies have been used all over the speech like: positive self- presentation and negative other-presentation, reflections of in-group-out-group ideology, emotionalizing the argument, asserting one’s power and discrediting the opponents, and finally tendency towards nationalism in order to manipulate the cognition of the audience.


Publishing year




Document type

Student publication for Bachelor's degree


  • Languages and Literatures


  • Critical Discourse analysis
  • Political speeches
  • Manipulation


  • Maria Persson