Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Yidi Gaokao: Debatten om var barn till migrantarbetare skall få skriva gaokao


  • Carolina Harrysson

Summary, in English

For a Chinese high school graduate to be able to apply for university they must first take part in the yearly gaokao, the college entrance examination. The province where a student has his or her household registration determines where they can sit for the exam and also in which quota they are put when the university slots are allocated. This system causes difficulties for the children of migrantworkers who do not have their hukou in the place where they reside. This issue, in media called yidi gaokao “taking gaokao in an other place”, is cause for much debate. In August 2012, the Ministry for Education demanded that all provinces map out strategies for solving the issue. This thesis seeks to answer the question whether or not the above mentioned initiative and the responses from the local governments reflects the opinions in the public debate. The conclusion to this question is that public debate does seem to have had influence on the policy making and the reforms.


Publishing year




Document type

Student publication for Bachelor's degree


  • Languages and Literatures


  • Kina
  • Utbildning
  • Hukou
  • Hushållsregistrering
  • Migrantarbetare
  • Flytande befolkning
  • Gaokao
  • CEE
  • College Entrance Examination


  • Michael Schoenhals