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Chinese Rural-Urban Difference in Opportunity of Obtaining Higher Education


  • Benjamin Lillebrohus

Summary, in English

This paper investigates disparities in opportunities of obtaining a higher education between the population with rural household registration and the population with urban household registration.
The analysis consists of a quantitative comparison of data and a qualitative study analyzing the reasons of the found disparities based on Chinese scientific publications and statistics supplemented with newspaper articles and public announcements from ministries and government departments.
Substantial disparities were found between the two population segments, where the rural population was severely disadvantaged - especially regarding admittance to the well acknowledged and popular institutions of higher education. The reasons for the disparities in education opportunities were found to be unequal economic development in the two segments, lower human capital in the rural segment and lower quality of compulsory education in rural


Publishing year




Document type

Student publication for Bachelor's degree


  • Languages and Literatures


  • Chinese education disparities
  • rural education opportunity


  • Michael Schoenhals