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El espacio del silencio. Su presencia y significado en Salmos de Ernesto Cardenal.


Summary, in English

This thesis focuses on the presence and significance of silence in the poetic work The Psalms of Struggle and Liberation (1964), by the Nicaraguan liberation theologian Ernesto Cardenal, in which the biblical psaltery constitutes the base for a contextual interpretation. This study aims to prove the hypothesis that the white spaces in the psalms, created by the application of free verse, are possible to identify as silent moments whose significance can be recognized with the help of words, suspension points as well as question and exclamation marks. In the theoretical framework a definition of silence is established based on expositions about it in modern poetry. The analysis examines four psalms in which different types of silence are identified: that which precedes and that which follows the word as well as that which contributes to create graphic structure that influences the communicated message. In the discussion, the results are collected and discussed in relation to earlier studies of The Psalms of Struggle and Liberation. The interpretation of silence as present in the psalms gives testimony to an increase of expressed feelings, thus allowing their use in the communication with God. The silence also contributes to an approach of the psalmist to his people and context, in agreement with the perspective of liberation theology, and results in an inclusion of the reader in the creation process of the psalms. Given the results of the analysis and the discussion the hypothesis is considered proven.


Publishing year




Document type

Student publication for Bachelor's degree


  • Languages and Literatures


  • silencio
  • Salmos
  • Ernesto Cardenal
  • espacios blancos
  • poesía
  • teología de la liberación. silence
  • The Psalms of Struggle and Liberation
  • white spaces
  • poetry
  • liberation theology.


  • Ingela Johansson
  • Petronella Zetterlund