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Medborgarskap efter nationalstaten? : Ett konstruktivt förslag


  • Christian Fernández

Summary, in English

This thesis is an attempt to formulate a constructive proposal for the ongoing establishment of a post-national European citizenship in the European Union. To the extent that the proposal is post-national, the ambition is to re-conceptualise the idea and ideal of citizenship in a new historical setting. To the extent that the proposal is constructive, the ambition is to develop and employ a methodology which combines normative and empirical analysis. The aim of the thesis is to make a contribution in each of these fields?with particular emphasis on the first. To achieve this, the thesis is focused on two questions. First, what should post-national citizenship mean? Second, to what extent can the European Union provide the conditions for such a post-national citizenship?

The answer to the first question is based on the elaboration of a neo-republican norm and the analysis of the changing empirical conditions and organization of citizenship. The result is a trans-national model of citizenship, which diverges from both the cosmopolitan and the multicultural models that have attracted substantial attention in academic debates. Trans-national citizenship is a citizenship inspired by the Habermasian idea of constitutional patriotism, yet recognizes the continuing predominance of national citizenship and the complementary status of post-national citizenship.

The answer to the second question is rooted in an empirical analysis of European citizenship and the application of the trans-national citizenship model to the existing realities of European citizenship. The first part of the constructive proposal is based on a critique of European citizenship as it stands with respect to its functionalism, its continued exclusivity, and its statist bias. The second part of the proposal is an extrapolation and subsequent comparison of three future-oriented principles for the evolution of European citizenship: free movement, identity, and residence. For each of these principles a metaphorical scenario is outlined: the market-oriented vision which basically reduces European citizens to customers of a mall; the European pan-national vision which reduces citizenship to an instrument for cultural reproduction; and the place-oriented vision of a European neighbourhood where all permanent residents are treated as equal subjects and sovereigns of the European polity. Having considered the intrinsic advantages and disadvantages of each scenario, the eventual proposal will comprise a defence of the third principle.

Publishing year





Lund Political Studies



Document type



Department of Political Science, Lund University


  • Political Science


  • Proposal
  • Constructive analysis
  • Normative analysis
  • Residence
  • Neo-republicanism
  • European Union
  • Multiculturalism
  • Cosmopolitanism
  • Trans-naitonalism
  • Citizenship
  • Post-national citizenship
  • Political and administrative sciences
  • Statsvetenskap
  • förvaltningskunskap





  • ISSN: 0460-0037
  • ISBN: 91-88306-52-6

Defence date

1 June 2005

Defence time


Defence place

Pangea Hörsal 229 Geocentrum II Sölvegatan 12


  • Bo Lindensjö (Docent (associate professor))