Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Social Ecography : International trade, network analysis, and an Emmanuelian conceptualization of ecological unequal exchange

Author

Summary, in English

This thesis demonstrates how network analysis, ecological economics and the world-system perspective can be combined into an ecographic framework that can yield new insights into the underlying structure of the world-economy as well as its surrounding world-ecology. In particular, the thesis focuses on the structural theory of ecological unequal exchange, a theory suggesting a relationship between positionality within the world-system and unequal exchange of biophysical resources.



Using formal tools from social network analysis, the theory is tested on empirical trade data for two commodity types – primary agricultural goods and fuel commodities – for the period 1995-1999. As the selected commodities can be seen as adequate representations of the third Ricardian production factor, i.e. natural resources, ecological unequal exchange as conceptualized in this thesis is more in line with the original Emmanuelian factor-cost theory than previous approaches. Here, similar to Emmanuel’s formulation, it is a theory about factor cost differentials.



Whereas the theory mostly holds true in the case of fuel commodities, the analysis of primary agricultural commodities actually points to an inverse relationship between structural positionality and ecological unequal exchange. This could point to a fundamental difference between these two types of commodities, for instance as reflected in an observed ecological Leontief paradox, which underlines the need for more detailed, and less typological, treatments of ecological unequal exchange.

Department/s

Publishing year

2010

Language

English

Publication/Series

Lund studies in human ecology

Volume

11

Document type

Dissertation

Publisher

Department of Social and Economic Geography, Lund University

Topic

  • Social and Economic Geography

Keywords

  • ecological unequal exchange
  • commodity trade
  • ecological economics
  • world-system analysis
  • network analysis
  • human ecology
  • ecography

Status

Published

Supervisor

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1403-5022
  • ISBN: 978-91-628-8138-2

Defence date

11 September 2010

Defence time

10:00

Defence place

Världen, Geocentrum 1, Sölvegatan 10, Lund, Sweden