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Las niñas, la rebeldía y la política

Un análisis de los personajes Celia, Pippi y Mafalda


Summary, in English

This paper is based upon the observation that in the literature of the past century there are various girl characters who breaks the image of a girl as weak and fragile. The hypothesis of this investigation is that there exist a stereotype of girl character who is rebellious in different types of works published in the twentieth century that have political connotative meaning. The books that are used in the analysis are What Celia Says by the Spanish author Elena Fortún, Pippi Longstocking by the Swedish author Astrid Lindgren and Ten years with Mafalda by the Argentinian author Quino. The first two books are children literature and the third is a collection of comics for adults. For the analysis the scheme of typical female and male characteristic for characters by Maria Nikolajeva is used and as is the concept “the strange girl” by Carmen Martín Gaite. The analysis shows that the three characters have both female and male characteristics and that they all have their own characteristics, Celia is beautiful, Pippi is strong and Mafalda is analizing. They also share characteristics of rebelliousness and questioning and they are all girls that differs from the traditional girl and the works all contain social and political criticism. The investigation of this paper has concluded that there are stereotypical characteristics of a rebellious girl.


Publishing year




Document type

Student publication for Bachelor's degree


  • Languages and Literatures


  • Celia
  • Pippi
  • Mafalda
  • rebeldía
  • cuestionamiento
  • crítica política


  • Ingela Johansson