Degrees and academic credits
The education system in Sweden is divided into three cycles:
- First cycle (undergraduate/Bachelor's)
- Second cycle (postgraduate/Master's)
- Third cycle (postgraduate/doctoral - PhD)
The list below shows the degree types and the credits they are worth.
Undergraduate degrees (first cycle):
- University Diploma: 120 ECTS
- Bachelor's Degree: 180 ECTS
Postgraduate degrees (second cycle):
- Master's Degree (1 year): 60 ECTS
- Master's Degree (2 years): 120 ECTS
Professional degrees (third cycle):
- Licentiate Degree: 120 ECTS (similar to the UK MPhil)
- Doctoral/PhD Degree: 240 ECTS
The official academic year at Lund University is divided into two semesters (autumn and spring), each lasting 20 weeks.
Each course or programme is measured in credits, using the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS).
- 60 ECTS credits are equal to the workload of a full-time student over one academic year (i.e. two semesters of study over 40 weeks).
- 30 ECTS credits are equal to the workload of a full-time students over half an academic year (i.e. one semester of study over 20 weeks).
- One credit is the equivalent of approximately 25-30 hours of study.
The transcript of results from Lund University will record academic accomplishments in ECTS.
ECTS is a student-centred system for describing an educational programme or course. ECTS is being adopted throughout Europe, as part of the Bologna Process and enables studies to be easily compared for all students. The aim is to further student mobility and make recognition of achievements easier. Read more about ECTS from the European Commission's website.
At Lund University, there are five different grading scales. The relevant faculty board decides which grading scale is to be used for which course. This means that one degree or transcript might include courses with different grading scales.
Read more about the different grading systems used at Lund University.