Ultrafast dynamics of singlet-singlet and singlet-triplet exciton annihilation in poly(3-2 '-methoxy-5 '-octylphenyl)thiophene films
Publishing year: 2007
Publication/Series: Physical Review B
Document type: Article
Publisher: American Physical Society
Singlet-singlet (S-S) and singlet-triplet (S-T) exciton annihilation was studied in poly(3-2(')-methoxy-5(')octylphenyl)thiophene films. For the S-S exciton annihilation studies, transient absorption spectroscopy at excitation laser pulse fluences of 1.2x10(13)-4.4x10(14) photons/cm(2) and 2.5 kHz pulse repetition rate was applied. The obtained kinetics demonstrate a typical nonexponential character with intensity-dependent amplitudes and lifetimes. In time-resolved fluorescence experiments, low excitation pulse fluences of 1.6x10(9)-2.2x10(12) photons/cm(2) at high repetition rates of 0.4, 0.8, 4, and 81 MHz lead to S-T exciton annihilation as a result of triplet exciton accumulation. S-T annihilation kinetics results in monoexponential decay of the fluorescence kinetics and manifests itself as a decrease of the singlet exciton lifetime. The calculated time-independent S-S and S-T exciton annihilation rates strongly support the conclusion that the processes are controlled by the interchain diffusion of singlet excitons. Despite the low efficiency of S-T annihilation compared to that of S-S annihilation, it has a substantial effect on the singlet exciton lifetime due to a relatively long triplet lifetime (60 mu s). Thus, even optical excitation with low fluence at high pulse repetition rate creates a significant concentration of triplet states that efficiently quenches singlet excitons.
- Physics and Astronomy
- ISSN: 1098-0121