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Physical Geography: Spatial Analysis

Course · 7.5 credits


The overall aim of the course is to provide basic knowledge and understanding of the principles behind spatial analysis in various physical geography application areas. At the end of the course, you as a student should be able to choose and use an appropriate analytical method for a given problem in spatial analysis. The course is an elective course at advanced level for a master's degree in science in GIS and remote sensing and for a master's degree in physical geography and ecosystem science, all specializations.

Course content

The course contains a number of different basic components of spatial analysis, both in terms of theoretical background and analytical methods. Some of the concepts and techniques covered in the course are point pattern analysis, geostatistics, spatial autocorrelation, scale, uncertainty and spatial regression. The student also learns to analyze spatial data using the open source code platform R.

After completing the course, you as a student should be able to:

  • explain how and why knowledge of geography is important when analyzing spatial data
  • describe different methods used for analysis of different types of spatial data
  • analyze different types of geographical data using both descriptive and inferential statistical methods
  • account for how uncertainty and scale entail different limitations and possibilities in the analysis of geographical data and what patterns this may give rise to.
  • independently select relevant spatial analysis methods for different types of geographical data, processes and phenomena
  • independently analyze, interpret and critique results from different spatial analysis methods


The teaching consists of both theoretical and practical elements, where lectures are followed by practical exercises that illustrate, strengthen or further develop the theoretical concepts that are addressed in the lectures. The emphasis is on statistical analysis and interpretation of the results. The exercises are often cumulative, i.e. the knowledge gained in one exercise is used as an introduction to tackle the problem posed in the next exercise. Participation in exercises and related elements is mandatory.

Closed for applications

Application opportunities


Study advisor

Susanna Olsson

Phone: +46 46 2223622

Email: susanna [dot] olsson [at] nateko [dot] lu [dot] se

Physical geography student office

Requirements and selection

Entry requirements

Admission to the course requires at least 90 credits in natural sciences or technology of which at least 15 credits should be in Geographic information science equivalent to NGEA11 geographic information systems, 15 credits. English 6/English B.

Furthermore, knowledge in basic statistics is required, equivalent the statistics components that are included in NGEA07, theory and methods in physical geography, 15 credits or GISN21, GIS and statistical analysis, 5 credits. This also corresponds  to the basic knowledge in statistics that one can be expected to receive during a completed undergraduate education.

Selection criteria

Seats are allocated according to: ECTS (HPAV): 100 %.

English language requirements

Most of Lund University’s programmes require English Level 6 (unless otherwise stated under 'Entry requirements'). This is the equivalent of an overall IELTS score of 6.5 or a TOEFL score of 90. There are several ways to prove your English language proficiency – check which proof is accepted at the University Admissions in Sweden website. All students must prove they meet English language requirements by the deadline, in order to be considered for admission.

How to prove your English proficiency –

Country-specific requirements

Check if there are any country-specific eligibility rules for you to study Bachelor's or Master's studies in Sweden:

Country-specific requirements for Bachelor's studies –

Country-specific requirements for Master's studies –


Start Spring Semester 2024

Day-time Lund, part time 50%

In English

Study period

15 January 2024 - 19 March 2024


You can only apply for this course in the 'Swedish student' application round. Find out more: Applying for studies – when to apply

How to apply

Lund University uses a national application system run by University Admissions in Sweden. It is only possible to apply during the application periods.

When to apply for studies

Step 1: Apply online

  • Check that you meet the entry requirements of the programme or course you are interested in (refer to the section above on this webpage).
  • Start your application – go to the University Admissions in Sweden website where you create an account and select programmes/courses during the application period.
    Visit the University Admissions in Sweden website
  • Rank your programme/course choices in order of preference and submit them before the application deadline.

Step 2: Submit documents

  • Read about how to document your eligibility and how to submit your documents at the University Admissions in Sweden website. Follow any country-specific document rules for Master's studies or Bachelor's studies
    Country-specific requirements for Bachelor's studies –
    Country-specific requirements for Master's studies –
  • Get all your documents ready:
    - official transcripts and high school diploma (Bachelor's applicants)
    - official transcripts and degree certificate or proof that you are in the final year of your Bachelor's (Master's applicants)
    - passport/ID (all applicants) and
    - proof of English proficiency (all applicants).
  • Prepare programme-specific documents if stated in the next paragraph on this webpage.
  • Upload or send all required documents to University Admissions before the document deadline.
  • Pay the application fee (if applicable – refer to the section below on this webpage) before the document deadline.

* Note that the process is different if you are applying as an exchange student or as a part of a cooperation programme (such as Erasmus+).
* If you have studied your entire Bachelor's programme in Sweden and all of your academic credits are in Ladok, you do not have to submit transcripts or your diploma when applying for a Master's programme. However, there may still be other documents you need to submit! See the link below. 

Svensk student? 
Läs instruktionerna om att söka till ett internationellt masterprogram på

Tuition fees

Non-EU/EEA citizens

Full programme/course tuition fee: SEK 19 375

First payment: SEK 19 375

Convert currency –

Citizens of a country outside of the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland are required to pay tuition fees. You pay one instalment of the tuition fee in advance of each semester.

Tuition fees, payments and exemptions

EU/EEA citizens and Switzerland

There are no tuition fees for citizens of the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland.

Application fee

If you are required to pay tuition fees, you are generally also required to pay an application fee of SEK 900 when you apply at the University Admissions in Sweden website. You pay one application fee regardless of how many programmes or courses you apply to.

*Note that there are no tuition or application fees for exchange students or doctoral/PhD students, regardless of their nationality.

Scholarships & funding

Lund University Global Scholarship programme

The Lund University Global Scholarship programme is a merit-based and selective scholarship targeted at top academic students from countries outside the EU/EEA.

Lund University Global Scholarship

Swedish Institute Scholarships

The Swedish Institute offers scholarships to international students applying for studies in Sweden at Master's level.

Scholarship information on the Swedish Institute website

Country-specific scholarships and funding options

Lund University has agreements with scholarship organisations and funding bodies in different countries, which may allow applicants to apply for funding or scholarships in their home countries for their studies at Lund University.

External scholarships

Information about scholarships from external organisations