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Grading system

Grading scales at Lund University

At Lund University, there are five different grading scales. The relevant faculty board decides which grading scale is to be used for which course. This means that one degree or transcript may include courses with different grading scales. Please note that no overall grade is given for the degree and that the faculties generally do not provide grade conversions.

All grades at Lund University are criterion-referenced, i.e. awarded in relation to the student’s performance relative to the learning objectives set out in the course syllabus. They do not grade how well the student performs in relation to other students, but how well he or she fulfils the objectives of the course.

The grade distribution within the different grading scales is shown below. Grades are listed in order from the highest grade to the lowest. In the grade distribution tables only passing grades are shown, in accordance with the recommendations from the EU project Egracons.

The tables are not normative, but based on accumulated statistics from the grades awarded at the University as a whole during the academic years 2016–17 and 2017–18.

Pass – Fail (GodkändUnderkänd)

Mainly used in the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Performing Arts and some related study programmes, such as Social Work, Psychology, Architecture and Industrial Design. It is also often used for vocational training and distance education.

Pass with Distinction – Pass – Fail (Väl godkändGodkändUnderkänd)

The traditional grading scale at Swedish universities, still the most common at the Faculties of Science, Social Science and Humanities and Theology. Grade distribution: 

Grading scale used at the Faculties of Science, Social Science and Humanities and Theology:

Grade Number of awarded grades %
Pass with distinction (VG)/Väl godkänd 20 387 42%
Pass (G)/Godkänd 28 043 58%

Pass with Distinction – Pass with Credit – Pass – Fail (Med beröm godkändIcke utan beröm godkändGodkändUnderkänd)

Used at the Master of Laws programme. Commonly used by law faculties in Sweden. Grade distribution:

Grading scale used at the Faculty of Law:

Grade Number of awarded grades %
Pass with Distinction (AB)/Med beröm godkänd 4 834 41%
Pass with Credit (Ba)/Icke utan beröm godkänd 4 396 37%
Pass (B)/Godkänd 2 540 22%

Five – Four – Three – Fail (FemFyraTreUnderkänd)

Used for most programmes at the Faculty of Engineering (including Industrial Design) as well as at Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS). Commonly used by engineering faculties in Sweden. Grade distribution:

Grading scale used at the Faculty of Engineering and the Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies:

Grade Number of awarded grades %
Five (5)/Fem 26 335 25%
Four (4)/Fyra 38 316 37%
Three (3)/Tre 39 551 38%

Excellent (A) – Very Good (B) – Good (C) – Satisfactory (D) – Sufficient (E) – Fail (U)

Introduced at Lund University 2011. Dominates at the School of Economics and Management and is common in Master's programmes at other faculties. Grade distribution:

Grading scale used at the School of Economics and Management and for a number of Master's programmes at other faculties:

Grade Number of awarded grades %
A 12 298 16%
B 24 504 33%
C 24 134 32%
D 11 124 15%
E 2 930 4%

Student rights connected to grading

Under certain circumstances, students are entitled to the nomination of another examiner or to request that a grading decision be reconsidered. 

The right to request another examiner

Students who have been examined twice on a course or a part of a course without obtaining a pass grade are entitled to the nomination of another examiner, unless there are special reasons to the contrary (Higher Education Ordinance 6:22). Students can turn to their student union or the course/programme coordinator to request the nomination of another examiner.

The right to request that a grading decision be reconsidered

Students cannot appeal a decision on grading, but can request that a grading decision be reconsidered. If an examiner finds that a decision on a grade is obviously incorrect owing to new circumstances or for some other reason, he or she shall change the decision if this can be done quickly and easily and if it does not mean lowering the grade (Higher Education Ordinance 6:24).

Contact information

Degree Office

Telephone hours:

Mondays: 09:00–10:00
Tuesdays: 14:00–15:00
Thursdays: 09:00–10:00

examen [at] stu [dot] lu [dot] se

Telephone: +46 (0)46 222 92 00
Fax: +46 (0)46 222 04 95

Post address:

Degree Office
Lund University
PO Box 117
SE-221 00 Lund