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L'usage du monde dans les romans de l'exil et du retour: quatre romans contemporains à la lumière d'une littérature-monde en français

The use of "monde" in novels about exile and turning back: Four contemporary novels in the light of a littérature-monde in French

Author

  • John Jönsson

Summary, in English

This master’s thesis deals with the current situation of World literature in a French perspective. It elaborates how theoretical and critical contributions surrounding the polemic Manifeste pour une littérature-monde en français, signed by 44 writers and published in Le Monde 2007, in essence point toward a critique of La Francophonie and French universalism, and also toward a reconfiguration of the map of the French speaking literary world. Using the model suggested by Pascale Casanova in La République mondiale des lettres (1999), the present study suggests that the littérature-monde novel, as an expression of an aesthetic that strongly valorizes the link between histoire and Histoire, inserts itself in a larger scheme of contemporary literature. It does so as a littérature déconcertante that resists to the idea of literature as a mere market product that dominates Histoire through a dated universalism and through exploiting general clichés. Four contemporary novels, D’amour et d’exil by Eduardo Manet (1999), L’ignorance by Milan Kundera (2003), La disparition de la langue française by Assia Djebar (2003) and Partir by Tahar ben Jelloun (2007) serve as examples and illustrations of qualities, and lack of qualities, that could be be included in a poetics of littérature-monde

Department/s

Publishing year

2014

Language

French

Document type

Student publication for Master's degree (two years)

Topic

  • Languages and Literatures

Keywords

  • Manifeste pour une littérature-monde
  • La république mondiale des lettres
  • Littérature-monde
  • Où est la littérature mondiale?
  • World literature
  • Assia Djebar
  • Tahar ben Jelloun
  • Milan Kundera
  • Eduardo Manet
  • littérature déconcertante

Supervisor

  • Björn Larsson (Professor)