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Empowered or Enfeebled? A Comparative Study of Communist Land Policies in China, 1945-56


  • Fredrik Uddenfeldt

Summary, in English

This thesis inquires into the land policies carried out by the Chinese Communist Party during the 1940’s and 50’s. Using contemporary research and original sources, the land policies of the two periods are described and compared. It is concluded that the land movements of the two periods were different in terms of both aims and outcomes. The “land reform movement” of the 1940s was launched in a context of civil war and was aimed at generating peasant support by empowering peasants and raising rural living standards, whereas the “collectivization movement” of the 1950s was aimed at facilitating the industrialization of “New China.” This was done at the expense of the peasants who had helped the CCP come to power a decade earlier.


Publishing year




Document type

Student publication for Bachelor's degree


  • Languages and Literatures


  • Land Reform
  • China
  • CCP
  • Agricultural Collectivization


  • Michael Schoenhals