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A Chinese peace prize winner's view on freedom and democracy : An analysis of the problem representation in Liu Xiaobo's view on the Iraq war


  • Sara-Stina Bergstedt

Summary, in English

This paper contains a study of the Nobel Peace Prize winner Liu Xiaobo’s texts on the Iraq war, and the implications of the problem representation encompassed in his view on the war. By use of the “What’s the problem represented to be?”- approach by Carol Bacchi, I have found that the problem representation in Liu Xiaobo’s texts on the Iraq war is “lack of democracy and freedom”. Because of the problem representations discursive content the effects of the problem representation are everything from difficulties for structurally discriminated groups to voice their misfortune and creation of new discontent groups, to loss of material assets and human lives. Due to this, the Iraq war that Liu Xiaobo justifies in terms of spreading freedom and democracy cannot be justified in that way, since the consequences of the problem representation might lead to the very opposite.


Publishing year




Document type

Student publication for Bachelor's degree


  • Social Sciences


  • problem representation
  • Liu Xiaobo
  • Iraq
  • freedom
  • democracy


  • Michael Schoenhals